Sat, 10/22/2016 - 03:03

Posted by Tamara Baluja on February 10, 2014

By Sean Holman

Postmedia Network Inc.'s decision to torch its parliamentary bureau last week will inevitably compromise the newspaper chain's ability to produce investigative public affairs reporting.

There will be fewer hands to file access-to-information requests, fewer eyes to read public records and fewer minds to think of questions that aren't being asked. That's a blow to Canada's democracy, given that Postmedia publishes the National Post, and several newspapers in major cities. Indeed, CTV Power Play host Don Martin has already eloquently made a similar point.

But I also wonder whether such layoffs, which have become endemic in the industry, will eventually compromise the willingness of journalists to do that investigative work without fear or favour. 

Let me explain: in my experience, it's not uncommon for reporters to end up working for or trying to influence the officials and institutions they once covered. For example, journalists on the politics beat have been known to become government staffers and lobbyists eventually. 

Related content on J-Source:

So it's reasonable to assume that, given the instability of the news industry, some journalists may increasingly come to see the subjects of their stories as potential employers. In doing so, those same journalists may come to wonder how their coverage will affect their chances of being hired if they are downsized.

True, most institutions and officials understand that journalists have to report on news releases and events. They may even understand that journalists need to ask tough questions as part of that coverage. But how do those institutions and officials feel when a journalist initiates a story rather than responds to what others are publicly doing and saying?

Do those institutions and officials think the journalist is just doing her job (true) or do they think the journalist is just making trouble (false)?

When attempting to answer those questions, it's worth remembering that as the news media's ability to produce such investigative reporting declines, so too may its frequency. In other words, that reporting will likely become even more of an outlier on the nation's news pages and broadcasts than it already is.

As a result of this rarity, some institutions and officials may increasingly come to see investigative journalism as not part of a reporter's job—in practice, if not principle.

So how willing would those institutions and officials be to hire someone who has, in their opinion, been making trouble? How many journalists—who are working under the threat of unemployment—are asking that same question? And how might that affect the news media's willingness to investigate the powerful, rather than just repeat what the powerful have to say?

Of course, I don't necessarily have the answers to any of these questions—or the many others that may arise if journalists increasingly start thinking about their future jobs rather than their present jobs. Moreover, it's important to remember there are many reporters for whom the public trust will always come before any personal considerations.

But as the number of people guarding the bulwark of liberty continues to forcibly decline, these are important questions worth asking.

Sean Holman is a journalism professor at Mount Royal University, award-winning investigative reporter and director of the documentary Whipped: the secret world of party discipline. You can find more of his writing at theUnknowable Country.




Related content on J-Source:

J-Source and ProjetJ are publications of the Canadian Journalism Project, a venture among post-secondary journalism schools and programs across Canada, led by Ryerson University, Université Laval and Carleton University and supported by a group of donors.